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Chinese language and varieties in the United States

According to data reported on the2000 US Censuslong-form, 259,750 people spoke Cantonese, with 58.62% percent residing in California and the next most with 16.19% in New York.8The actual number of Cantonese speakers was probably higher. In the 1982-83 school year, 29,908 students in California were reported to be using Cantonese as their primary home language. Approximately 16,000 of these students were identified aslimited English proficient(LEP).9

Language Spoken at Home: 2000United States Bureau of the Census

Becoming Chinese American: A History of Communities and Institutions

According to data reported on the2000 US Censuslong-form, 84,590 people spoke Taiwanese Hokkien.10The county with the most Hokkien speakers wasLos Angeles Countywith 21,990 (0.250% of County population) followed byOrange CountywithOrange County, Californiawith 5,855 (0.222% of County population). The county with the highest percentage of Hokkien speakers wasCalhoun County, Texasat 0.845% (160) followed byFort Bend County, Texasat 0.286% (935) and Los Angeles County, California. According to data collected from 2005-2009 by theAmerican Community Survey, 76,822 people spokeTaiwanese Hokkien.11

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.United States Census Bureau. February 25, 2003

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Chinese language(s) spoken at home according 2005-2009 American Community Survey

Chinese language, mostlyYue varietiesincludingTaishaneseandCantonese, are collectively the third most-spokenlanguage in the United States, and are mostly spoken withinChinese Americanpopulations and by immigrants or the descendants of immigrants, especially inCaliforniaandNew York.6Over 2 million Americans speakvarieties of Chinese, withStandard Chinesebecoming increasingly common due to immigration frommainland Chinaand to some extentTaiwan.6Despite being called dialects or varieties,CantoneseTaishanese, and Mandarin etc. are not mutually intellegibile. When asked census forms and surveys, respondents will only answer with Chinese.7

A 2006 survey by theModern Language Associationfound that Chinese accounted for 3% offoreign languageclass enrollment in the United States, making it the seventhmost commonly learned foreign languages in the United States. Most Chinese as foreign language classes teachsimplified charactersandStandard Mandarin Chinese.14

Languages in the U.S. Educational System – About World Languages.

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About 40% of all Chinese-speakers in the United States live in California.

The Multilingual Apple: Languages in New York City

Bosnian/Croatian/Serbian language in the United States(0.3)

This page was last edited on 24 May 2018, at 01:33

InNew York City, althoughStandard Mandarin Chineseis spoken as a native language among only ten percent of Chinese speakers, it is used as a secondary dialect and is replacingCantoneseas theirlingua franca.12In addition, immigration fromFujian, particularlyFuzhouis bringing an increasingly large number ofEastern Minspeakers.Wu varietieslikeShanghaineseandSuzhounese, and the mutually unintellegibleWenzhouneseare now spoken by a minority of recent Chinese immigrants hailing fromJiangsuZhejiang, andShanghai.citation needed

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Mother Tongue of the Foreign-Born Population: 1910 to 1940, 1960, and 1970United States Census Bureau. March 9, 1999

2010 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates: Language spoken at home by ability to speak English for the population 5 years and overUnited States Census Bureau

. Walter de Gruyter.ISBN3-11-017281-X.

Articles with dead external links from October 2017

Who are Chinese Language Speakers in the United States? A Subgroup Analysis with Census Data North Cooc*! Department of Special Education The University of Texas at Austin Genevieve Leung Department of Rhetoric and Language Asian Pacific American Studies University of San Francisco

Although Chinese Americans grow up learningEnglish, some teach their children Chinese for a variety of reasons including preservation of an ancient civilization, preservation of a unique identity, pride in their cultural ancestry, desire for easy communication with them and other relatives, and the perception that Chinese will be a useful language as Chinas economic strength increases. Cantonese, historically the language of most Chinese immigrants, was the third most widely spoken non-English language in the United States in 2004.13dubiousdiscussManyChinese schoolshave been established to accomplish these goals. Most of them have classes only once a week on the weekends, however especially in the past there have been schools that met every day after normal school.

A Handbook for Teaching Cantonese-Speaking Children

Articles with disputed statements from April 2016

Becoming Chinese American: A History of Communities and Institutions

Table 5.Detailed List of Languages Spoken at Home for the Population 5 Years and Over by State: 2000

Mid-Atlantic American / Delaware Valley English

Articles with unsourced statements from March 2016

Detailed Language Spoken at Home and Ability to Speak English for Persons 5 Years and Over –50 Languages with Greatest Number of Speakers: United States 1990United States Census Bureau. 1990

Chinese language and its various dialects are spoken throughout the United States, many of the Chinese live in Chinatowns, likethis one in downtown Manhattan.

Garca, Ofelia; Fishman, Joshua A. (2002).

How many Albanian speakers are in the United States?.

Chinese language and varieties in the United States

. AltaMira Press.ISBN0-7591-0458-1.

Census Data / API Identities – Research & Statistics – Resources Publications Research Statistics – Asian Pacific Institute on Gender-Based Violence.

Appendix Table 2. Languages Spoken at Home: 1980, 1990, 2000, and 2007United States Census Bureau

. AltaMira Press.ISBN0759104581.

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