New Scientist: Oral sex can cause throat cancer – 09 May 2007. Newscientist.com
In contrast to historical views on fellatio, cunnilingus is revered as a spiritually fulfilling practice in ChineseTaoism, which regards it as having the ability to enhancelongevity.In modernWestern culture, oral sex is widely practiced among adolescentsand adults.
. Routledge. p.102.ISBN978-1-136-34032-1
Virginity Lost: An Intimate Portrait of First Sexual Experiences
(Los Angeles: Media Press, 2001)ISBN0-917181-17-4
Buschmiller, Rev. Robert.Oral Sex in Marriage. Presentation Ministries
Cultural views on oral sex range from aversion to high regard.It, especially fellatio,has been consideredtaboo, or at least discouraged, in many cultures and parts of the world.Laws of some jurisdictions regard oral sex aspenetrative sexfor the purposes ofsexual offenseswith regard to the act, but most countries do not have laws which ban the practice itself, in contrast to anal sex orextramarital sex.
The Marriage and Family Experience: Intimate Relationship in a Changing Society
Main article:Non-reproductive sexual behavior in animals Oral sex
This article is about oral sex among humans. For oral sex among other animals, seeNon-reproductive sexual behavior in animals Oral sex.
Cengage Learning. pp.269271.ISBN0495391921
Feldmann, J.; Middleman, A. B. (2002).Adolescent sexuality and sexual behavior.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
An act ofgroup sexrestricted to one woman giving oral sex to several men is referred to as agangsuck,blowbangorlineup, all derivatives of the slang termgang bangfor group sex.Bukkakeandgokkunmay also involve oral sex.
Giving head A common slang term for giving oral sex to either a man or woman is
Edwardes, Allen; Masters, Robert E. L.
HIV & AIDS: A Foundation for Nursing and Healthcare Practice
Fellatio keeps male fruit bats keen – life – 29 October 2009 – New Scientist.
Oral sex may be practiced by people of anysexual orientation.
Belge, Kathy.Do All Lesbians Like Oral Sex?About.com
This page was last edited on 1 May 2018, at 03:09.
Wayne Weiten; Margaret A. Lloyd; Dana S. Dunn; Elizabeth Yost Hammer (2008).
HIV/AIDS among Women Who Have Sex With Women. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. October 17, 2006. Archived fromthe originalon September 6, 2009
Current Opinion in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Oral sex should be limited to the protected areas. A makeshift dental dam can be made out of acondomor a latex ornitrile glove,but using a real dental dam is seen as preferable; this is because real dental dams cover a larger area, avoid accidents caused by slipping outside the covered area, and avoid the risk that makeshift versions may be accidentally damaged or poked with the scissors during the cutting procedure. Plastic wrap may also be used as a barrier during oral sex, but there exists no conclusive scientific research regarding how effective it may or may not be at preventing disease transmission. Certain kinds of plastic wrap are manufactured to be microwaveable and are designed to have pores that open when heated, but there also exists no scientific research on what effect, if any, this has on disease transmission when used during oral sex.Some people complain that the thickness of the plastic dulls sensation.
Cengage Learning. p.186.ISBN0-534-62425-1
Woods, Stacey Grenrock (1 Oct 2004).Do animals have oral sex?.
Technical virginity becomes part of teens equation.
Chlamydiahuman papillomavirus(HPV),gonorrheaherpeshepatitis(multiple strains), and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs), can be transmitted through oral sex.Any sexual exchange of bodily fluids with a person infected withHIV, the virus that causesAIDS, poses a risk of infection. Risk of STI infection, however, is generally considered significantly lower for oral sex than for vaginal or anal sex, with HIV transmission considered the lowest risk with regard to oral sex.
Seehereandpages 47-49for views on what constitutes virginity loss and therefore sexual intercourse or other sexual activity; source discusses how gay and lesbian individuals define virginity loss, and how the majority of researchers and heterosexuals define virginity loss/technical virginity by whether or not a person has engaged in penile-vaginal sex.
(a faux-Victorian expression invented by novelistSarah Waters).
. Simon and Schuster. p.74.ISBN978-0-684-80682-2
. Marshall Cavendish Corporation. p.61.ISBN0761479066
The first time: what parents and teenage girls should know about losing your virginity
William Alexander; Helaine Bader; Judith H. LaRosa (2011).
Pina-Cabral, Joao de (1992). Tamed Violence: Genital Symbolism is Portuguese popular culture.
.Centers for Disease Control and Prevention(CDC). 2008
Bryan Strong; Christine DeVault; Theodore F. Cohen (2010).
Facesittingis a form of oral sex in which the receiver sits on the givers face and pushes into it with his or her genitals. Oral sex can also be performed by both partners at the same time in the so-calledsixty-nine position. Spitting and/or swallowing of the ejaculatory fluids or giving apearl necklacemay cause different sexual stimulations.Autofellatiois a possible but rare variant;autocunnilingusmay also be possible for women with extremely flexible spines.
Noncoital forms of sexual intimacy, which have been called outercourse, can be a viable form of birth control. Outercourse includes all avenues of sexual intimacy other than penilevaginal intercourse, including kissing, touching, mutual masturbation, and oral and anal sex.
.NHS. 2009-01-15. Archived fromthe originalon September 20, 2010.
Sexual Salvation: Affirming Womens Sexual Rights and Pleasures
Bloomsbury PublishingUSA. p.253.ISBN1-59691-011-9
Robertson SA, Bromfield JJ, Tremellen KP (August 2003). Seminal priming for protection from pre-eclampsia-a unifying hypothesis.
While commonly believed thatlesbian sexual practicesinvolve cunnilingus for allwomen who have sex with women, some lesbian or bisexual women dislike cunnilingus due to not liking the experience or due to psychological or social factors, such as finding it unclean.Other lesbian or bisexual women believe that it is a necessity or largely defines lesbian sexual activity.Lesbian couples are more likely to consider a womans dislike of cunnilingus as a problem than heterosexual couples are, and it is common for them to seek therapy to overcomeinhibitionsregarding it.
The Ultimate Kiss: Oral Lovemaking, A Sensual Guide for Couples
Brooks, Cassandra (October 30, 2009).A Little Fellatio Goes a long way. ScienceNOW. Archived fromthe originalon April 17, 2010
Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages
Fox, Douglas (February 9, 2002).Gentle Persuasion.
DSouza G, Kreimer AR, Viscidi R, et al. (2007).Case-control study of human papillomavirus and oropharyngeal cancer.
How to Make a Dental Dam Using a Condom, UCSB SexInfoOnline, February 7, 2008.
Marshall Cavendish Corporation (20092010).
Another study inThe New England Journal of Medicinesuggests acorrelationbetween oral sex andthroat cancer. It is believed that this is due to the transmission of HPV, a virus that has been implicated in the majority of cervical cancers and which has been detected in throat cancer tissue in numerous studies. The study concludes that people who had one to five oral sex partners in their lifetime had approximately a doubled risk of throat cancer compared with those who never engaged in this activity and those with more than five oral sex partners had a 250 percent increased risk.
Koelman CA, Coumans AB, Nijman HW, Doxiadis II, Dekker GA, Claas FH (March 2000). Correlation between oral sex and a low incidence of preeclampsia: a role for soluble HLA in seminal fluid?.
Jerry J. J. Bigner; Joseph L. L. Wetchler (2012).
A furtive act of oral sex performed on a woman while a formal party is in progress
The New Our Right to Love: A Lesbian Resource Book
Cengage Learning. pp.265267.ISBN978-0-495-60274-3
There is an increased risk of STI transmission if the receiving partner has wounds on his or her genitals, or if the giving partner has wounds or open sores on or in his or her mouth, orbleeding gums.Brushing the teeth, flossing, undergoing dental work soon before or after performing oral sex can also increase the risk of transmission, because all of these activities can cause small scratches in the lining of the mouth.These wounds, even when they aremicroscopic, increase the chances of contracting STIs that can be transmitted orally under these conditions.Such contact can also lead to more mundane infections from commonbacteriaandvirusesfound in, around and secreted from the genital regions. Because of the aforementioned factors, medical sources advise the use ofcondomsorother effective barrier methodswhen performing or receiving oral sex with a partner whose STI status is unknown.
that arose in the gay slang language ofPolarithat spread in the 1960s. The term is less common today.
Additionally, in lesbian culture, several common slang terms used are
Cunnilingus is also sometimes referred to as
Cengage Learning. pp.286289.ISBN0495812943
Oral sex is not necessarily an effective method of preventingsexually transmitted infections(STIs), although some forms of STIs are believed to be less commonly spread in this way, and oral sex has been recommended as a form ofsafe sex.In theUnited States, no barrier methods for use during oral sex have been evaluated as effective by the Food and Drug Administration.However, a barrier protection like acondomforfellatioordental damforcunnilinguscan offer some protection from contact when practicing oral sex.
(Johns Hopkins, 1990)ISBN0-8018-2968-2
Female bats performfellatioto increase copulation time. This species is the only non-primate to exhibit this behaviour
Oral sex alone cannot result in pregnancy and heterosexual couples may perform oral sex as their method ofcontraception.For conception to take place,spermfrom thepenismust enter theuterusandfallopian tubesand fertilize the femalesegg. In humans, there is no connection between thegastrointestinal systemand thereproductive system,[nb 1]and sperm ingested by the woman would be killed and broken down byacidsin herstomachandproteinsin thesmall intestine. The breakdown products are then absorbed as a negligible quantity ofnutrients. However, there is a potential risk of pregnancy ifsemencomes in contact with thevaginalarea in some way, such as semen in theejaculatefinding its way onto fingers, hands, or other body parts, which then comes in contact with the vaginal area.
Jones & Bartlett Publishers. p.211.ISBN1449683754
Most people agree that we maintain virginity as long as we refrain from sexual (vaginal) intercourse. But occasionally we hear people speak of technical virginity […] Data indicate that a very significant proportion of teens ha[ve] had experience with oral sex, even if they havent had sexual intercourse, and may think of themselves as virgins […] Other research, especially research looking into virginity loss, reports that 35% of virgins, defined as people who have never engaged in vaginal intercourse, have nonetheless engaged in one or more other forms of heterosexual sexual activity (e.g., oral sex, anal sex, or mutual masturbation).
Tan, Min; Gareth Jones; Guangjian Zhu; Jianping Ye; Tiyu Hong; Shanyi Zhou; Shuyi Zhang; Libiao Zhang (October 28, 2009). Hosken, David, ed.Fellatio by Fruit Bats Prolongs Copulation Time.
CS1 maint: Uses authors parameter (link)
The social construction of sex as vaginal intercourse affects how other forms of sexual activity are evaluated as sexually satisfying or arousing; in some cases whether an activity is seen as a sexual act at all. For example, unless a woman has been penetrated by a mans penis she is still technically a virgin even if she has had lots of sexual experience.
People give various reasons for their dislike of oral sex.Some state that since it does not result in reproduction, it is therefore unnatural.Others find it less intimate because it is not a face-to-face practice,or believe that it is a humiliating or unclean practice;that it is humiliating or unclean are opinions that are, at least in some cases, connected with the symbolism attached to different parts of the body.Opposite these views, people also believe that oral sex is one of the most intimate behaviors that a couple can engage in because it requires total trust and vulnerability.
An Invitation to Health Brief 2010-2011
Oral sex, sometimes referred to asoral intercourse, issexual activityinvolving the stimulation of the genitalia of a person by another person using themouth(including the lips, tongue or teeth) orthroatCunnilingusis oral sex performed on female genitals, whilefellatiois oral sex performed on a penis.Anilingus, another form of oral sex, is oral stimulation of a personsanus.Oral stimulation of other parts of the body (as inkissingandlicking) is usually not considered oral sex.
Oral sex is commonly used as a means of preservingvirginity, especially among heterosexual pairings; this is sometimes termedtechnical virginity(which additionally includesanal sexmutual masturbationand othernon-penetrative sexacts, but excludespenile-vaginal sex).The concept of technical virginity orsexual abstinencethrough oral sex is popular among teenagers.Additionally, gay males may regard oral sex as a way of maintaining their virginities, with penile-anal penetration defined as resulting in virginity loss, while other gay males may define oral sex as their main form of sexual activity.By contrast,lesbianpairings commonly view oral sex orfingeringas resulting in virginity loss, though definitions of virginity loss vary among lesbians as well.
, manual stimulation). A play on the slang term
Min Tan; Gareth Jones; Guangjian Zhu; Jianping Ye; Tiyu Hong; Shanyi Zhou; Shuyi Zhang; Libiao Zhang (October 28, 2009). Hosken, David, ed.Fellatio by Fruit Bats Prolongs Copulation Time.
Other slang terms for oral sex includegoing down on(male or female),licking outandmuff diving(female),blow job(male),dome(male or female),sucking off(male),playing the skin flute(male recipient),rolling cigars(male recipient),lolly-gagging(gay male-on-male),gaining knowledge(male recipient) andbust down(male). Forced fellatio is often calledEgyptian rapeor simplyEgyptian; this goes back to the time of theCrusadeswhenMamlukswere alleged to force their Christian captives to do this.
. Greenwood Publishing Group. p.207.ISBN978-0-275-94359-2
/Here Publishing. pp.4445. 0001-8996
However, this has happened inbizarre circumstancesinvolving a stabbing.
InAncient Rome, fellatio was considered profoundly taboo.Sexual acts were generally seen through the prism of submission and control. This is apparent in the twoLatinwords for the act:irrumare(to penetrate orally), andfellare(to be penetrated orally). Under this system, it was considered to be abhorrent for a male to perform fellatio, since that would mean that he was penetrated (controlled), whereas receiving fellatio from a woman or another man of lower social status (such as a slave or debtor) was not humiliating. The Romans regarded oral sex as being far more shameful than, for example, anal sex known practitioners were supposed to havefoul breathand were often unwelcome as guests at a dinner table.
CRC Press. p.306.ISBN0340706392
Psychology Applied to Modern Life: Adjustment in the 21st century
There are many words which refer to oral sex, includingeuphemismsandsexual slang. Like all aspects of sexuality, there exists a large number of variations on a theme, a few common ones being:
Ginny Vida, Karol D. Lightner, Tanya Viger (2010).
Global strategy for the prevention and control of sexually transmitted infections: 20062015. Breaking the chain of transmission
Sexually Transmitted Disease Surveillance
Oral sex is often regarded astaboo,but most countries do not have laws which ban the practice. Commonly, people do not regard oral sex as affecting thevirginityof either partner, though opinions on the matter vary.People may also have negative feelings orsexual inhibitionsabout giving or receiving oral sex, or may flatly refuse to engage in the practice.
Fellatio may reduce the risk ofmiscarriagesby inducingimmunological tolerancein the woman by exposure to the proteins in her partners semen, a process known aspaternal tolerance. While any exposure to a partners semen appears to decrease a womans chances for the various immunological disorders that can occur during pregnancy, immunological tolerance could be most quickly established through the oral introduction and gastrointestinal absorption of semen.Recognizing that some of the studies potentially included the presence of confounding factors, such as the possibility that women who regularly perform fellatio and swallow semen also engage in more frequent intercourse, the researchers also noted that, either way, the data still overwhelmingly supports the main theory behind all their studiesthat repeated exposure to semen establishes the maternal immunological tolerance necessary for a safe and successful pregnancy.
Oral sexhas been observed in the animal kingdomamong many species.It has been suggested that there is an evolutionary advantage due to the tendency of primates, non-primates and humans to have oral sex.Oral sex, at leastfellatio, also exists among thefruit bat,Cynopterus sphinx; it has been observed when the bats aremating. These bat pairs spend more time copulating if the female licks the male than if she does not.
University Health Center, University of Georgia,Oral Sex. Accessed November 4, 2006.
NYU Press. pp.295 pages.ISBN0-8147-1652-0
Geffen Testing Centers HIV, Syphilis, and Hepatitis C Information Sheet. Accessed November 4, 2006.ArchivedOctober 19, 2006, at theWayback Machine.
Handbook of LGBT-Affirmative Couple and Family Therapy
Everything You Always Wanted to Know About Sex* (*But Were Afraid to Ask)
; trans. Helen R. Lane. London: Wildwood House; p. 97
May 24, 2006, at theWayback Machine.,
A report issued in September 2005 by theNational Center for Health Statisticswas the basis of an article in the September 26, 2005 issue ofTimemagazine. The report comes from the results of a computer-administeredsurveyof over 12,000 Americans between the ages of 15 and 44, and states that over half the teenagers questioned have had oral sex. While some headlines have interpreted this as evidence that oral sex among teenagers is on the rise, this was the first comprehensive study of its kind to examine the matter.TheCenters for Disease Control and Prevention(CDC) stated in 2009: Studies indicate that oral sex is commonly practiced by sexually active male-female and same-gender couples of various ages, including adolescents.Research also indicates that males are more likely than females to have received oral sex, whereas equal proportions of men and women have given oral sex.
. Cengage Learning. p.422.ISBN978-0-495-55339-7
How to Make Your Own Dental Dam From a Condom
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Modern Homosexualities: Fragments of Lesbian and Gay Experiences
Links have been reported between oral sex andoral cancerwith human papillomavirus (HPV)-infected people. In 2005, a research study atMalmö Universitys Faculty of Odontology suggested that performing unprotected oral sex on a person infected with HPV might increase the risk of oral cancer. The study found that 36 percent of thecancerpatients had HPV compared to only 1 percent of the healthy control group.
, a slang term and a cunnilingus variant of
Lemonick, Michael D.,A Teen Twist on Sex,
Conari Press. pp.133134.ISBN0-943233-93-3.
Sonya S. Brady & Bonnie L. Halpern-Felsher (2007). Adolescents Reported Consequences of Having Oral Sex Versus Vaginal Sex.
April 22, 2008, at theWayback Machine.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to
.Centers for Disease Control and Prevention(CDC). June 2009. Archived fromthe original
Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages
Oral sex may be performed asforeplayto incitesexual arousalbefore other sexual activities (such asvaginaloranalintercourse),or as aneroticandphysically intimate actin its own right.Like most forms of sexual activity, oral sex can pose a risk for contractingsexually transmitted infections(STIs/STDs). However, the transmission risk for oral sex, especiallyHIVtransmission, is significantly lower than for vaginal or anal sex.