Friday, July 16, 2021

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English-Farsi Dictionary- DorNegar, Window compatible compact English-Farsi dictionary. Down load forPersian Names- Farsi Names, Iranian Boys and Girls Names

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At first Iran sounded alien (for non-Iranians), and many failed to recognize its connection with Persia. Some (Westerners) thought that it was perhaps one of the new countries like Iraq and Jordan carved out of the ruins of the Ottoman Empire, or a country in Africa or Southeast Asia that had just been granted independence; and not a few confused it with Iraq, itself a recent entity.

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Alefba- Illustrated Persian Farsi Alphabet with Songs for Children

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Farsi is a member of the Iranian branch of the Indo-Iranian language family; it is the official language of Iran. It is most closely related to Middle and Old Persian, former languages of the region of Fars (Persia) in southwestern Iran. Modern Persian is thus called Farsi by native speakers. Written in Arabic characters, modern Persian also has many Arabic loanwords and an extensive literature.

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, is the most widely spoken member of the Iranian branch of the Indo-Iranian languages, a subfamily of the Indo-European languages. It is the language of Iran (formerly Persia) and is also widely spoken in Afghanistan and, in an archaic form, in Tajikistan and the Pamir Mountain region.

Down Load Farsi Dictionary for Windows

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Please send your Questions, comments, or suggestions to .

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Middle Iranian is represented not only by Middle Persian and the closely related Parthian language but also by several Central Asian tongues. Parthian was the language of the Arsacid or Parthian Empire (circa 250 BC-AD 226). Although it is known chiefly through inscriptions of the early kings of the following Sassanian period, Parthian declined when Sassanian power expanded. During the Arsacid period, however, it influenced Persian. The language of the Sassanian Empire (AD 226-641) was Middle Persian, often called Pahlavi (a term more strictly reserved for a form of the language used in certain Zoroastrian writings). Middle Persian has a simpler grammar than Old Persian and was usually written in an ambiguous script with multivalent letters, adopted from Aramaic; it declined after the Arab conquest in the 7th century. Although much of the Middle Persian literature was translated into Arabic, the bulk of its writings was lost during Islamic times. Other Middle Iranian tongues were also spoken in Sassanian Persia or in bordering regions of Central Asia: Khwarazmian, in Khiva; Bactrian, in Bactria; Sogdian, in the vast region of Sogdiana, including the cities of Samarqand and Bukhoro; and Saka (a name associated with various Scythian kingdoms), in Chinese Turkestan. Sogdian produced a body of Christian, Buddhist, and secular literature, and Sakas Khotanese dialect was the vehicle of an important Buddhist literature. Most Khwarezmian texts are from the post-Islamic period. Bactrian is known only in a few recently discovered inscriptions in Afghanistan.

In 1935 the Iranian government requested those countries which it had diplomatic relations with, to call Persia Iran, which is the name of the country in Persian.

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Persian/Farsi Language Related LinksEnglish- Persian (Farsi) Talking Dictionary

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Learn to Speak Persian (Farsi)- Online FREE lessons

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The suggestion for the change is said to have come from the Iranian ambassador to Germany, who came under the influence of the Nazis. At the time Germany was in the grip of racial fever and cultivated good relations with nations of Aryan blood. It is said that some German friends of the ambassador persuaded him that, as with the advent of Reza Shah, Persia had turned a new leaf in its history and had freed itself from the pernicious influences of Britain and Russia, whose interventions in Persian affairs had practically crippled the country under the Qajars, it was only fitting that the country be called by its own name, Iran. This would not only signal a new beginning and bring home to the world the new era in Iranian history, but would also signify the Aryan race of its population, as Iran is a cognate of Aryan and derived from it.

Name was changed from Persia to Iran in 1934.Iran became an Islamic Republic in 1979.Iran-Iraq war lasted fro over eight years from 1980-198876.9 million (2010 estimate) – Ranks 18th in the World0-14 years: 21.7% (male 7,394,841/female 7,022,076)15-64 years: 72.9% (male 24,501,544/female 23,914,172)65 years and over: 5.4% (male 1,725,828/female 1,870,823) (2010 est.)Petroleum,carpets, agricultural products and spices such asSaffron$11,200 (2010 est.) – World Rank =99Persian 51%, Azeri 24%, Gilaki & Mazandarani 8% Kurd 7%, Arab 3%, Lur 2%, Baluch 2%, Turkmen 2%, Other 1%Muslim 98% (Shia 89%, Sunni 9%), other (includes Zoroastrian, Jewish, Christian, and Bahai) 2%For more information and upto date vital statistics on Iran visitStatistical Center of Iran

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Three phases may be distinguished in the development of Iranian languages: Old, Middle, and Modern. Old Iranian is represented by Avestan and Old Persian. Avestan, probably spoken in the northeast of ancient Persia, is the language of the Avesta, the sacred scriptures of Zoroastrianism. Except for this scriptural use, Avestan died out centuries before the advent of Islam. Old Persian is recorded in the southwest in cuneiform inscriptions of the Persian kings of the Achaemenid dynasty (circa 550-330 BC), notably Darius I and Xerxes I. Old Persian and Avestan have close affinity with Sanskrit, and, like Sanskrit, Greek, and Latin, are highly inflected languages.

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Easter 2016 Countdown … Resurection Countdown

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Persian PoetryPersian Christian HymnalsPersian Christian Wedding HymnPersian Children StoriesCountry Profile: Iran- From BBC NewsCould not open : No such file or directory

The Iranian Ministry of Foreign Affairs sent out a circular to all foreign embassies in Tehran, requesting that the country thenceforth be called Iran. Diplomatic courtesy obliged, and by and by the name Iran began to appear in official correspondence and news items.

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From:EnglishFarsiFrenchGermanItalianArabic————AfrikaansAlbanianArmenianAzerbaijaniBasqueBelarusianBulgarianCatalanChineseCroatianCzechDanishDutchEstonianFilipinoFinnishGalicianGeorgianGreekHaitian CreoleHebrewHindiHungarianIcelandicIndonesianIrishJapaneseKoreanLatvianLithuanianMacedonianMalayMalteseNorwegianPolishPortugueseRomanianRussianSerbianSlovakSlovenianSpanishSwahiliSwedishThaiTurkishUkrainianUrduVietnameseWelshYiddishTo:FarsiEnglishFrenchGermanItalianArabic————AfrikaansAlbanianArmenianAzerbaijaniBasqueBelarusianBulgarianCatalanChineseCroatianCzechDanishDutchEstonianFilipinoFinnishGalicianGeorgianGreekHaitian CreoleHebrewHindiHungarianIcelandicIndonesianIrishJapaneseKoreanLatvianLithuanianMacedonianMalayMalteseNorwegianPolishPortugueseRomanianRussianSerbianSlovakSlovenianSpanishSwahiliSwedishThaiTurkishUkrainianUrduVietnameseWelshYiddish

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Total numbers of speakers is high: over 40 million Farsi speakers (about 60% of Irans population); over 14 million Dari Persian speakers in Afghanistan (50% of the population according toCIA World FactBook& Britannica); and about 2 million Dari Persian speakers in Pakistan.

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Persian is spoken today primarily in Iran and Afghanistan, but was historically a more widely understood language in an area ranging from the Middle East to India. Significant populations of speakers in other Persian Gulf countries (Bahrain, Iraq, Oman, Peoples Democratic Republic of Yemen, and the United Arab Emirates), as well as large communities in the USA.

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Modern Persian had developed by the 9th century. It is a continuation of an area-wide standard language that had considerable Parthian and Middle Persian elements, with additional influences from other Iranian languages. Written in Perso-Arabic script (an expanded version of Arabic script), it has been the official and cultural language of Persia since it first appeared. Its grammar is simpler than that of Middle Persian, and it has absorbed a vast Arabic vocabulary.

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When Persia became IranThis article is a part of Persia or Iran by Professor Ehsan Yarshater, published in Iranian Studies, Vol. XXII, No.1, 1989.

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As time passed and as a number of events, like the Allied invasion of Iran in 1941 and the nationalization of the oil industry under Prime Minster Dr Mohammad Mosaddeq, put the country in the headlines, the name Iran became generally accepted, and Persia fell into comparative disuse, though more slowly in Britain than in the United States.

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– An academic linguistic profile from UCLA

Bilingual books and tapes for Children to learn Persian (Farsi)

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In Afghanistan Farsi is spoken almost everywhere and over 50% of Afghanistans total population speak Farsi or Dari. The map on the right should cover Herat and the nothern parts of Afghanistan where the majority of people speak Farsi. – Thank you, Laila Ahmadi

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