Because the temperature lag is shorter in the oceanic temperate southern hemisphere,10most countries in this region use the meteorological definition with summer starting on 1 December and ending on the last day of February.1112

Reckoning by cultural festivals, the summer season in theUnited Statesis traditionally regarded as beginning onMemorial Day(the last Monday in May) and ending onLabor Day(the first Monday in September), more closely in line with the meteorological definition for the parts of the country that have four-season weather. The similarCanadiantradition starts summer onVictoria Dayone week prior (although summer conditions vary widely across Canadas expansive territory) and ends, as in the United States, onLabour Day.

. 19 June 2009. Archived fromthe originalon 17 September 2011

. London: The MacMillan Company. p.52.ISBN978-1-4400-5323-8Archivedfrom the original on 1 January 2016.

2 February 2017 at theWayback Machine..Royal Geographical Society.

InChinese astronomy, summer starts on or around 5 May, with thejiq(solar term) known aslxi(), i.e. establishment of summer, and it ends on or around 6 August.

Gabler, Robert E.; Petersen, James F.; Trapasso, L. Michael; Sack, Dorothy (2008).

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Bank holidaysin the United Kingdom and Ireland

Williams, Jack (22 February 2005).Answers: When do the seasons begin. Usatoday.Com.Archivedfrom the original on 27 January 2012

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First day of summer worth celebrating. JSOnline.Archivedfrom the original on 13 July 2011

Days continue to lengthen from equinox to solstice and summer days progressively shorten after the solstice, so meteorological summer encompasses the build-up to the longest day and a diminishing thereafter, with summer having many more hours of daylight than spring. Reckoning by hours of daylight alone, summersolsticemarks the midpoint, not the beginning, of the seasons.Midsummertakes place over the shortest night of the year, which is the summer solstice, or on a nearby date that varies with tradition.

Independence Day (India)(15 August)

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Summer is normally a low point intelevisionviewing, and televisionschedulesgenerally reflect this by not scheduling new episodes of their most popular shows between the end of Maysweepsand the beginning of the television season in September, instead scheduling low-costreality televisionshows andburning offcommitments to already-cancelled series. There is an exception to this with childrens television. Many television shows made for children and are popular with children are released during the summer months, especially on childrens cable channels such as theDisney Channelin theUnited States, as children are off school. Disney Channel, for example, ends its preschool programming earlier in the day for older school age children in the summer months while it reverts to the original scheduling as the new school year begins. Conversely, the music and film industries generally experience higher returns during the summer than other times of the year and market their summer hits accordingly. Summer is most popular foranimated moviesto be released theatrically inmovie theaters.citation needed

. Belmont, California: Cengage Learning. p.107.ISBN0495555061.

.World Meteorological Organization. 10 March 2009.Archived

(9): 1001.Bibcode1994IJCli..14.1001Ddoi10.1002/joc.3370140905.

. London: HMSO. p.260.ISBN0-11-400363-7.

Glossary of Meteorology (2009).22 March 2008 at theWayback Machine. American Meteorological Society. Retrieved 16 January 2009.

From an astronomical view, theequinoxesand solstices would be the middle of the respective seasons,12but sometimes astronomical summer is defined as starting at the solstice, the time of maximalinsolation, often identified with the 21st day of June or December. A variableseasonal lagmeans that themeteorologicalcenter of the season, which is based on average temperature patterns, occurs several weeks after the time of maximal insolation.3The meteorological convention is to define summer as comprising the months of June, July, and August in the northern hemisphere and the months of December, January, and February in the southern hemisphere.45Under meteorological definitions, all seasons are arbitrarily set to start at the beginning of a calendar month and end at the end of a month.4This meteorological definition of summer also aligns with the commonly viewed notion of summer as the season with the longest (and warmest) days of the year, in which daylight predominates. The meteorological reckoning of seasons is used inAustraliaAustriaDenmarkRussiaandJapan. It is also used by many in theUnited Kingdom. InIreland, the summer months according to the national meteorological service,Met ireann, are June, July and August. However, according to theIrish Calendar, summer begins on 1 May and ends on 1 August. School textbooks in Ireland follow the cultural norm of summer commencing on 1 May rather than the meteorological definition of 1 June.

Festa della Repubblica, Italiannational dayandrepublic day(2 June)

Organizations and strategies in Astronomy

International Journal of Climatology

Bastille Day, National Day of France (14 July)

A wide range of public holidays fall during summer, including:

Summeris thehottestof the four, falling afterspringand beforeautumn. At the summersolstice, the days are longest and the nights are shortest, with day-length decreasing as the season progresses after the solstice. The date of the beginning of summer varies according toclimate, tradition, and culture. When it is summer in theNorthern Hemisphere, it iswinterin theSouthern Hemisphere, and vice versa.

Tropical Cyclone Operational Plan for the Southeastern Indian Ocean and the South Pacific Oceans

Using a personal cooling device in summer

Independence Day (Pakistan)(14 August)

People generally take advantage of the high temperatures by spending more time outdoors during summer. Activities such as travelling to thebeachandpicnicsoccur during the summer months. Sports such asassociation footballbasketballAmerican footballvolleyballskateboardingbaseballsoftballcrickettennisandgolfare played.Water sportsalso occur. These includewater skiingwake boardingswimmingsurfingtubingandwater polo. The modernOlympicshave been held during the summer months every four years since 1896. The2000 Summer Olympics, inSydney, however, were held during the.

Summers redirects here. For other uses, seeSummers (disambiguation).

This article is about the season. For other uses, seeSummer (disambiguation).

Articles with unsourced statements from May 2008

Where aseasonal lagof half a season or more is common, reckoning based on astronomical markers is shifted half a season.6By this method, in North America, summer is the period from thesummer solstice(usually 20 or 21 June in the Northern Hemisphere) to theautumn equinox.789

Independence Day (United States)(4 July)

Hotels and tourists along theAtlantic Oceanshoreline inMyrtle Beach, South Carolinain summer

Children cycling during summer

National Day of Sweden(6 June) andMidsummer, sometimes referred to as the alternative National Day

With most school-age children and college students (except those attendingsummer school) on summer vacation during the summer months, especially in the United States, travel and vacationing traditionally peaks during the summer, with the volume of travel in a typical summer weekend rivaled only byThanksgiving. Teenagers and college students often takesummer jobsin industries that cater to recreation. Business activity for the recreation, tourism, restaurant, and retail industries peak during the summer months as well as the holiday season.

In southern and southeast Asia, where themonsoonoccurs, summer is more generally defined as lasting from March, April, May and June, the warmest time of the year, ending with the onset of the monsoonrains.citation needed

Memorial Day(United States) orVictoria Day(Canada) throughLabor Day

Summer is traditionally associated with hot or warm weather. In the Mediterranean regions, it is also associated with dry weather, while in other places (particularly inEastern Asiabecause of the Monsoon) it is associated with rainy weather. The wet season is the main period of vegetation growth within thesavanna climateregime.13Where the wet season is associated with a seasonal shift in theprevailing winds, it is known as a monsoon.14

Thunderstormseason in the United States and Canada runs in thespringthrough summer. These storms can producehail, strong winds andtornadoes, usually during the afternoon and evening.

Cecil Adams (11 March 1983).Is it true summer in Ireland starts May 1?. The Straight Dope.Archivedfrom the original on 30 August 2011

Text is available under the; additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to theTerms of UseandPrivacy Policy. Wikipedia® is a registered trademark of theWikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization.

Driscol, D. M.; Rice, P. B.; Fong, J. M. Y. (1994). Spatial variation of climatic aspects of temperature: Interdiurnal variability and lag.

McAdie, Colin (10 May 2007).Tropical Cyclone ClimatologyNational Hurricane CenterArchivedfrom the original on 6 May 2010

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Summer Solstice – from Eric Weissteins World of Astronomy.

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Schools and universities typically have a summer break to take advantage of the warmer weather and longer days. In almost all countries, children are out of school during this time of year forsummer break, although dates vary. In the United States, public schools usually end in late May inMemorial Dayweekend, while colleges finish in early May, although some schools get out on the last or second last Thursday in May. InEnglandandWales, school ends in mid-July and resumes again in early September; inScotland, the summer holiday begins in late June and ends in mid- to late-August. Similarly, inCanadathe summer holiday starts on the last or second-last Friday in June and ends in late August or on the first Monday of September, with the exception of when that date falls beforeLabour Day, in which case, ends on the second Monday of the month. InRussiathe summer holiday begins at the end of May and ends on August 31. In theSouthern Hemisphere, school summer holiday dates include the major holidays ofChristmasandNew Years Day. School summer holidays in Australia, New Zealand andSouth Africabegin in early December and end in early February, with dates varying between states. InIndia, school ends in late April and resumes in early or mid June. InCameroonandNigeria, schools usually finish for summer vacation in mid-July, and resume in the later weeks of September or the first week of October.

Fathers Day is first day of summer.

Bureau of Meteorology – Home Page. 11 March 2011.Archivedfrom the original on 12 September 2017

Charles Darwin University(2009).17 February 2009 at theWayback Machine. Charles Darwin University. Retrieved on 27 December 2008.

Atlantic Oceanographic and Meteorological Laboratory, Hurricane Research Division.Frequently Asked Questions: When is hurricane season?National Oceanic and Atmospheric AdministrationArchivedfrom the original on 18 July 2006

Fig treesbear fruit when summer is near

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in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

In the northern Atlantic Ocean, a distinct tropical cyclone season occurs from 1 June to 30 November.15The statistical peak of theAtlantic hurricane seasonis 10 September. The Northeast Pacific Ocean has a broader period of activity, but in a similar time frame to the Atlantic.16The Northwest Pacific sees tropical cyclones year-round, with a minimum in February and March and a peak in early September. In the North Indian basin, storms are most common from April to December, with peaks in May and November.15In theSouthern Hemisphere, the tropical cyclone season runs from 1 November until the end of April with peaks in mid-February to early March.1517

. Springer. p.14.ISBN1-4020-5300-2Archivedfrom the original on 1 May 2016

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