Which is spoken by more people Cantonese or Mandarin Chinese? – Quora

I am a native Chinese and I want to find a pen pal who uses English as his first language and want to learn Chinese or to know more about China.

Thank you for reading.This is my first answer in Quora.Please forgive the mistakes I has made in this passage.I am happy to receive modified suggestion form you.

In order for people in this great linguistic diversity to communicate with each other, all Chinese must learn and speak Standard Mandarin in school. Therefore, almost all of the younger generation in China should speak it fluently. In the middle-aged generation, most people should be able to speak it, but sometimes with an accent. In the elderly population, most understand it due to exposure to the language, but not as many can speak it. So almost all of the 1.2 billion people in China can understand Standard Mandarin, and most of these people can also speak it.

How common is it for Chinese people to know both Mandarin and Cantonese?

Mandarin native speakers number about 960 million. Do note that this number also includes speakers of Mandarin dialects, like Sichuanese, which are extremely challenging for people who only speak Standard Mandarin to understand.

Everywhere in China has it own language.There are 56 nations in China,so China may(some have already been lost) have 56 kinds of national language.There are 34 provinces in China,each province has it own language.But I can say without exaggeration that you can use Mandarin Chinese in whole China.

Teochew belongs to Min/Hokkien, Toisan belongs to Cantonese.

Is Mandarin Chinese spoken in China and Taiwan the same?

So to answer the question, there will be more Mandarin speakers because not only Cantonese speaking people are more than likely to be able to fluently speak Mandarin as its what schools use and teach as a standard tongue, people from across the country can hopefully all speak Mandarin as well no matter what dialect/language they speak natively as long as they went to school and studied, which is free and mandatory up till the 9th grade.

Is Mandarin Chinese spoken in China and Taiwan the same?

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Of course its Mandarin Chinese, Cantonese is second. First reason, the majority of the 800900 million mainland chinese speak Mandarin as their first language. While Cantonese is mainly spoken by the native cantonese chinese people in Guangxi, Guangdong, hong kong and Macau. In addition, there are also other chinese people from other areas of mainland china who learn cantonese and speak cantonese.

Linguists actually managed to separate different branches in the Han language[1]and each can be a different spoken language on its own. Cantonese is just one of them. However, in China, these are perceived as dialects only.

Where in China is Mandarin spoken and where is Cantonese spoken?

Over these years, there are some disputes over defending Cantonese by Guangdong people in the social media. The education and culture authority of Guangzhou introduced some textbooks regarding teaching local students about speaking Cantonese and promoting Cantonese culture a few years ago, since some students born and raised in Guangdong local communities cannot understand spoken Cantonese, not to mention speak Cantonese in the daily conversation. Netizens from other provinces viewed such act as a cultural bias, accusing Cantonese of being preferentially treated.

These varieties are spoken in Jiangxi and neighbouring areas. The Nanchang dialect is taken as representative. In the past, Gan was viewed as closely related to Hakka because of the way Middle Chinese voiced initials became voiceless aspirated initials as in Hakka, and were hence called by the umbrella term HakkaGan dialects.[23][24]

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Is this answer still relevant and up to date?

In China, there are many other languages too, like Wu (includes Shanghainese), which has 80 million speakers. And the various Min languages, which have 70 million speakers total although they are not nearly intelligible with each other (includes Taiwanese Hokkien). Theres also Hakka, and many more Han Chinese languages in China. This doesnt even count the dozens of minority languages.

4. Ive lived both in HK and Guangzhou, the most common answer I receive when I ask for a young local to speak Cantonese to train my ears is Well, let me speak Mandarin instead.

1. Most Cantonese speakers are capable of speaking Mandarin, yes, including Hong Kong. While most Mandarin speakers can not speak Cantonese.

As for Chinese,people in different areas have different characters.Some areas welcome everyone who comes from another province.Some wont.Chinese can judge a persons hometown just according to his accent.

Do Chinese Thais speak Mandarin or Cantonese?

Is Cantonese more different from Mandarin than Simplified Chinese is from Traditional Chinese? Would a monolingual native speaker of Mandarin …

But I think every Chinese will welcome foreigners from every country.

Is Cantonese only a spoken language? Is Mandarin a spoken language? Do I write in Mandarin or Cantonese?

Where is Cantonese spoken worldwide, by non Chinese?

Cantonese is not a language. It is a tongue. As is Mandarin. However Cantonese is a native tongue while Mandarin is a made-up common tongue for people across the country to be able to communicate, because the dialects and minority language are too different to communicate directly.

For example,you know that people in Guangdong (Yue) always useCantonese.Itis not a wise choice fora Chinesewho cant speak Cantonese to live in Guangdong(Yue).People in that area may look down on you,because youre not a native person.And It will cause many questions if they dont welcome you.

The Hakka (literally guest families) are group of Han Chinese living in the hills of northeast Guangdong and many other parts of southern China, as well as Taiwan and parts of Southeast Asia such as Malaysia and Singapore. The Meixian dialect is the prestige form.[28] Most Hakka varieties retain the full complement of nasal endings, -m -n -ŋ and stop endings -p -t -k, though there is a tendency for Middle Chinese velar codas -ŋ and -k to yield dental codas -n and -t after front vowels.[29]

Spoken in Fujian, eastern Guangdong, Hainan, Taiwan, parts of Southeast Asia, and other parts of the world, Min is the only branch of Chinese that cannot be directly derived from Middle Chinese. It is also the most diverse, with many of the varieties used in neighbouring countiesand, in the mountains of western Fujian, even in adjacent villagesbeing mutually unintelligible. The most widely spoken Min language is Hokkien, which includes the Amoy dialect of southern Fujian, Taiwanese in Taiwan, and is also spoken by many Chinese in Southeast Asia.[15] Early classifications divided Min into Northern and Southern subgroups, but a survey in the early 1960s found that the primary split was between inland and coastal groups.[26][27]

Do Chinese Thais speak Mandarin or Cantonese?

These varieties are spoken in Guangdong, Guangxi, Hong Kong and Macau, and have been carried by immigrants to Southeast Asia and many other parts of the world. The prestige variety is Cantonese, from the city of Guangzhou, which is also the native language of the majority in Hong Kong and Macau.[30] Taishanese, from a coastal area southwest of Guangzhou, is the most common Yue dialect among overseas communities.[31] Not all Yue varieties are mutually intelligible. Most Yue varieties retain the full complement of Middle Chinese word-final consonants (p, t, k, m, n and ŋ) and have rich inventories of tones

I have sensed that this question was asked with the mindset that Mandarin and Cantonese are two languages in the first place. I feel obliged to clarify this understanding even if it is not the askers assumption, because it can well be many viewers perception.

Which is spoken by more people, Cantonese or Mandarin Chinese?

Mandarin Chinese dominates the nation overwhelmingly in terms of its user number, applicable occasions or importance. In mainland China, Cantonese is spoken principally in Guangdong province, as well as some places in Guangxi province which are adjacent to Guangdong. To summarize, from the governments perspective (also is a generally accepted fact by the folks in China), the former is one language while the latter is merely one dialect spoken by Guangdong people, although Cantonese is one of the official languages certified by the United Nations.

These varieties are spoken in Shanghai, most of Zhejiang and the southern parts of Jiangsu and Anhui. The group comprises hundreds of distinct spoken forms, many of which are not mutually intelligible. The Suzhou dialect is usually taken as representative, because the Shanghai dialect features several atypical innovations.[21] Wu varieties are distinguished by their retention of voiced or murmured obstruent initials (stops, affricates and fricatives).[22]

Mandarin Chinese is official accent ,requires everyone in shcool learn and use it.Each area has unique accent,but most people can speak Mandarin Chinese expect some old people.

Do the Japanese and Chinese hate each other?

There are already many great answers here and Mandarin has secured a win in the game, Ill just provide some fun facts:

Yue language native speakers number only 60 million. This includes Cantonese, which is the Guangzhou dialect of Yue. Some Yue dialects are challenging for Cantonese speakers to understand, just like how some Mandarin dialects are challenging for Standard Mandarin speakers to understand.

Mandarin Chinese is called (Guoge, means national language) or (Putonghua, means standard language ) in Chinese. With such political significance, (means to promote and popularize the speaking of Putonghua) can be seen everywhere in China, particularly in the school and in the formal occasions. In primary schools, young students are told its proper and polite to speak Mandarin Chinese, otherwise they may be punished for speaking the local dialects.

What do Mandarin people think of Cantonese music?

So they are both tongues. What is the language called then? Chinese? Yes and no. The language is actually called Han. But because 92% of the Chinese population is Han people, the language is/can be called Chinese in English.

3. Non-Cantonese speaking people in Guangzhou are NOT under noticeable discrimination, in fact, out of the 50 cities Ive travelled in China, Guangzhou is among the most tolerant ones. Im amazed at how quickly local people can and are willing to switch from Cantonese to Mandarin the moment they identify you as a Non-local.

How many people speak both Mandarin and Cantonese?

This is the group spoken in northern and southwestern China and has by far the most speakers. This group includes the Beijing dialect, which forms the basis for Standard Chinese, called Putonghua or Guoyu in Chinese, and often also translated as Mandarin or simply Chinese. In addition, the Dungan language of Kyrgyzstan and Kazakhstan is a Mandarin variety written in the Cyrillic script.

Why do people want to learn Mandarin Chinese?

Is Cantonese more different from Mandarin than Simplified Chinese is from Traditional Chinese? Would a monolingual native speaker of Mandarin …

What makes Mandarin Chinese interesting?

How many people speak both Mandarin and Cantonese?

How common is it for Chinese people to know both Mandarin and Cantonese?

The Xiang varieties are spoken in Hunan. The New Xiang varieties, represented by the Changsha dialect, have been significantly influenced by Southwest Mandarin, whereas Old Xiang varieties, represented by the Shuangfeng dialect retain features such as voiced initials.[25]

Where is Cantonese spoken worldwide, by non Chinese?

What do Mandarin people think of Cantonese music?

Is Cantonese only a spoken language? Is Mandarin a spoken language? Do I write in Mandarin or Cantonese?

Why is Cantonese so prominent? I see two main reasons. Firstly, Cantonese speakers started migrating overseas hundreds of years ago. They brought Cantonese to the world. Secondly, there is a common tongue within the Cantonese speaking region. It is the Guangzhou accent. (Guangzhou is the capital city of the province) And adding the fact that Cantonese and Mandarin (or any other dialect/tongue) are not directly interoperable, people of the world get the impression that these are the two main languages spoken in China.

2. You can survive in Hong Kong with no major issues by speaking only Mandarin, I tried that when studying in Hong Kong, although I can understand 95% of Cantonese and can speak slowly when required, but I didnt use it much, not at all. However out of tens of thousand of people that I came across there, only 1 middle age lady in Tai Po market couldnt understand Mandarin, the rest of them have a good ear for Mandarin. (Make sure you speak slowly and articulately, Beijingers need to take a special note here) Its amazing if you draw a comparison with what it was just 15 years ago…

If you want to communicate with as many Chinese people as possible, it is best to learn Standard Mandarin. But if you are especially interested in Hong Kong, you can learn Cantonese.Is this answer still relevant and up to date?

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